The Jews (Hebrewיְהוּדִים ISO 259-3 Yehudim Israeli pronunciation [jehuˈdim]); (בני ישראלStandardBnai YisraʾelTiberianBnai YiśrāʾēlISO 259-3Bnai Yiśraʾel, translated as: “Children of Israel” or “Sons of Israel“), also known as the Jewish people, are anation and ethnoreligious group[16] originating from the Israelites (Hebrews) of the Ancient Near East.

According to Jewish tradition, Jewish ancestry is traced back to the Biblical patriarchs AbrahamIsaac and Jacob, who lived in Canaanaround the 18th century BCE. Jacob and his family migrated to Ancient Egypt after being invited to live with Joseph (who rose to the rank of Pharaoh‘s Vizier) in the Land of Goshen region by Pharaoh himself. Their descendants were later enslaved until the Exodusled by Moses, which is commonly dated to the 13th century BCE. Historically, Jews had evolved mostly from the Tribe of Judah andSimeon, and partially from the Israelite tribes of Binyamin and Levi, who had all together formed the ancient Kingdom of Judah(alongside the remnants of the Northern Kingdom of Israel who migrated to their Southern counterpart and assimilated there).[17] A closely related group is the Samaritans, who claim descent from the Israelite tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, while according to the Bible their origin is in the people brought to Israel by the Neo-Assyrian Empire and some Cohanim (Jewish priests) who taught them how to worship the “native God”.[18] The Jewish ethnicitynationality and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish nation.[19][20][21] Converts to Judaism have a status within the Jewish ethnos equal to those born into it.[22] Conversion is not encouraged by mainstream Judaism, and is considered a tough task, mainly applicable for cases of mixed marriages.[23]

The Jews (Hebrewיְהוּדִים ISO 259-3 Yehudim Israeli pronunciation [jehuˈdim]); (בני ישראלStandardBnai YisraʾelTiberianBnai YiśrāʾēlISO 259-3Bnai Yiśraʾel, translated as: “Children of Israel” or “Sons of Israel“), also known as the Jewish people, are anation and ethnoreligious group[16] originating from the Israelites (Hebrews) of the Ancient Near East.

According to Jewish tradition, Jewish ancestry is traced back to the Biblical patriarchs AbrahamIsaac and Jacob, who lived in Canaanaround the 18th century BCE. Jacob and his family migrated to Ancient Egypt after being invited to live with Joseph (who rose to the rank of Pharaoh‘s Vizier) in the Land of Goshen region by Pharaoh himself. Their descendants were later enslaved until the Exodusled by Moses, which is commonly dated to the 13th century BCE. Historically, Jews had evolved mostly from the Tribe of Judah andSimeon, and partially from the Israelite tribes of Binyamin and Levi, who had all together formed the ancient Kingdom of Judah(alongside the remnants of the Northern Kingdom of Israel who migrated to their Southern counterpart and assimilated there).[17] A closely related group is the Samaritans, who claim descent from the Israelite tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, while according to the Bible their origin is in the people brought to Israel by the Neo-Assyrian Empire and some Cohanim (Jewish priests) who taught them how to worship the “native God”.[18] The Jewish ethnicitynationality and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish nation.[19][20][21] Converts to Judaism have a status within the Jewish ethnos equal to those born into it.[22] Conversion is not encouraged by mainstream Judaism, and is considered a tough task, mainly applicable for cases of mixed marriages.[23]